How Can Taphonomy Be Defined in the XXI Century?
| Manuel Domínguez-Rodrigo, Sixto
Fernández-López, Luis Alcalá
Taphonomy, as a branch of learning and
a research area, has undergone a tremendous growth in the past few decades.
It has extended its application from palaeontology to other disciplines,
it has broadened its referential scope and has incorporated humans as
taphonomic agents. This has affected the way taphonomy is perceived by
its practitioners and requires a modification of its definition, following
a process that is common in most evolving natural science disciplines.
Keywords: TAPHONOMY, ARCHAEOLOGY, PALAEONTOLOGY,
PALAEOBIOLOGY, BIOSTRATINOMY, FOSSIL-DIAGENESIS.
Badger (Meles meles) Remains Within Caves as an Analytical
Tool to Test the Integrity of Stratified Sites: The Contribution
of Unikoté Cave (Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France)
This papers deals with the analysis of Eurasian
badger (Meles meles) remains in an archaeological context. Eurasian
badgers dig large burrows as living structures and so the identification
of their remains in archaeological context appears doubtful. More
than 400 remains of these small carnivores were recovered from Unikoté
Cave. This site is assumed to be a hyena den with the occurrence
of human remains and lithic artefacts. In this paper, we aimed to:
1) explain how and why so many remains of these carnivores are recognised
at Unikoté Cave; 2) evaluate the role of Eurasian badgers
in site formation processes and 3) to test the archaeological relevance
of a bioturbated site.
Keywords: BADGER, BIOTURBATION, TAPHONOMY,
SPATIAL ANALYSIS, REFITTINGS, SITE FORMATION PROCESSES, UNIKOTÉ
|A Taphonomic Study of Wild Wolf (Canis
lupus) Modification of Horse Bones in Northwestern Spain.
| José Yravedra, Laura Lagos, Felipe
Taphonomic studies of carnivores have become an
integral part of taphonomic research in the past two decades. These
studies are developing a referential framework for the identification
of carnivore signature variety in the fossil record. Hyaenas and felids
are predominant in these studies, whereas other carnivores such as
wolves have not received as much attention yet. This paper analyses
wild horse carcasses processed by wild wolves and discusses the implications
for the study of site formation in the Euroasian Pleistocene. Carcasses
have undergone different kinds of consumption by wild wolves and show
important differences in the degree of bone modification according
to wolf hunting and scavenging strategies. The different degree of
bone destruction when consumed in one or many events is also discussed.
Keywords: TAPHONOMY, WOLF, WILD HORSE,
HUNTING, SCAVENGING, TOOTH MARKS.